Assessing the effects of control measures on human, livestock and wildlife health

The procedures followed and actions taken by the managers, distributors, transporters, store keepers and spray service providers involved in desert locust control operations will be monitored and rated on a predetermined scale of performance in handling pesticides. The monitoring will include, but not limited to the following: attention paid to instructions on use of pesticides, basic safety guidelines on the use of personal protective equipment, fundamental sanitation practices, and handling of accidental spills of chemicals, leakages, or faulty spraying equipment. The names and active ingredients, WHO classification of the products, quantities handled and exposure circumstances will also be recorded. This will inform the likely sources of ill-effects of control measures.

Personnel involved in DL control operations will be checked regularly by appointed medical practitioners for any unusual symptoms that might be attributable to direct contact with control products and equipment. The examination will involve the following among others: reactions due to direct skin contact or indirect skin contact through clothing contamination, irritation of eyes and reaction of the respiratory system. Blood samples of desert locust control operators will be taken and analyzed for any contamination by active ingredients of the products that are applied in control operations. The data generated from health checks will inform the actions to take to prevent any deterioration in the health of the personnel.

Observations will be made and sampling/analysis done by identified veterinarians on various wild animals and livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys) that are reared in areas targeted for application of desert locust control products in the project counties to determine any effects that might be attributed to the control operations. Assessments on human and livestock health status will be carried out prior to project inception and post-application of the desert control measures. The assessment will be staggered to take into consideration acute toxicity (occurs within a few days of exposure), sub-chronic toxicity (intermediate period of 1 to 3 months) and chronic toxicity (longer than 3 months).