Surveillance will be carried out via aerial and ground operations to obtain information that is necessary to carry out control operations. In order to apply desert locust control measures with a high level of precision and effectiveness, surveillance will be carried out using modern approaches such as satellite maps, drones, eLocust3 suite and GPS enabled cameras. These techniques will accurately determine the locations of large/small hopper banding sites, locust swarming routes and resting/roosting sites and egg-laying sites in the project implementing counties. The information generated from the surveillance exercises will be transmitted to the LCC in the Ministry, which will be responsible for coordinating action and keeping the national desert locust database. A modern ICT Data Centre will be established at the LCC at PPS Division for this purpose. The frequency of surveillance exercises will largely depend on prevailing climatic conditions. The Monitoring exercise will be undertaken by county teams with backstopping from MITT and LCC. The information generated will guide in decision-making on precise localities to be sprayed, choice of appropriate control methods and optimal timings for the control operation. Procurement of the necessary monitoring equipment will be undertaken.